Overview of Egypt
Egypt is officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt, and its largest city Cairo and Alexandria, a country located in North Africa, where the Sinai Peninsula is a land crossing in southwest Asia, which earned it an important position as a country extending across continents, as it is a great power in Africa and the sea It is bordered by the occupied Palestinian territory and the Gaza Strip. It overlooks the Red Sea from the east.
The Importance of Tourism in Egypt
Egypt is considered one of the most important cultural and political countries in the Middle East, and the ancient Egyptian civilization is very famous in various times, which led archaeologists to study the ancient monuments scattered in various Egyptian cities.
UNESCO has six different Egyptian cultural heritage sites according to the list of World Heritage Sites, namely: Abu Mina, Thebes and the Old Cemetery, Historic Cairo, Memphis, and Necropolis – Pyramids from Giza to Dahshur – Nubia Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae, Saint Catherine and Wadi Whales.
Best Tourist Cities in Egypt
Egypt has lost enchanting tourist attractions that really worth to enjoy one of the best Egypt tour packages which enable you to discover what Egypt has to offer such as pyramids, tombs & temples of Upper Egypt, best free days on the red sea, and much more await you in Egypt.
1- Cairo City
Cairo is one of the largest Egyptian cities with a population of 17 million of the total population of Egypt, and was called in the era of the Pharaohs as “who else” It means the beautiful city, and passes the Nile River, and is one of the longest rivers of the world, and attracts a lot of tourists to it, in addition to the existence of a number of aquaculture that provide tourism and recreational services through boating, ships, fishing, and the Nile River is a gateway to the other bank
Cairo is famous for its rich heritage and strategic location. It is also characterized by the presence of historical monuments where tourists can find museums, such as the Egyptian Museum, which contains the largest collection of antiquities of the Pharaohs, the Coptic Museum, the Ceramic Museum, the Museum of Railways, and the Museum of Agriculture, while the Islamic monuments can find many of them It is the first mosque built in Egypt and Africa, where it was built by Amr ibn al-Aas in the city of Fustat, Al-Azhar Al-Sharif, Ibn Tulun Mosque, and Salah al-Din Citadel, one of the largest military castles built in the Middle Ages.
2- Alexandria City
Alexandria is the second-largest city after Cairo, nicknamed the Bride of the Mediterranean, a coastal city founded in the 4th century BC, with a territory of about 70 km on the Mediterranean coast, located northwest of the Nile Delta, while from the south bordered by Lake Mariout From the east, Abu Qir Bay and the city of Edko, to the west, Sidi Kerir, the most important characteristic of the city is its ancient library, which contains more than 700 thousand volumes, and also includes the lighthouse of Alexandria, which is about 35 meters high, and was considered in the past seven wonders of the world before its destruction in Earthquake of 1307 AD.
Alexandria is also home to the largest seaport in Egypt. It also has many museums and historical monuments, such as Qaitbay Castle, Sawary Column, and many recreational places such as theaters, cinemas, public squares, parks, and commercial centers. Palaces such as the Montazah Palace, Ras El Teen Palace, Antoniadis Palace, and Safa Palace, as well as other historical monuments, such as the Roman Theater, Mustafa Kamel Archaeological Tombs, Al-Anfoushi Archaeological Tombs, the Greco-Roman Museum and the Royal Jewelry Museum.
3- Luxor City
The city of Luxor or as it was called the capital of the Pharaohs, was founded in the reign of the Fourth Pharaonic Dynasty about 2575 BC, and away from Cairo about 670 km, and the richness of ancient ruins is believed Some archaeologists include one-third of the world’s monuments, including the east side of the Nile, Luxor Temple, Karnak Temple, the rams road that connects the two temples, and the Luxor Museum, while the west side includes the Valley of the Kings, the Temple of Deir el-Bahari, and the Queens Valley, The monastery of the city, the temple of Ramessium, and statue of who N, where there is also a lot of tourist attractions, museum mummification, and the Temple of Hatshepsut.
It is worth mentioning that mosques are abundant in the city of Luxor, such as: Sheikh Al-Hefny Mosque and the Mosque of Abu Hajjaj Luxor, in addition to many churches that were built there, notably: the Church of Our Lady, the Church of St. Michael, the Church of St. George, and the Evangelical Presbyterian Church, and Nile cruise across the Nile River are also considered a major attraction for tourists.
4- Aswan City
The city of Aswan or as it was called BESONS, which means the market, and the origin of its name so as a center for convoys from and to Nubia, as well as the country of gold because it was a burial place for the Nuba kings, and is one of the largest cities of Aswan governorate to be its capital as well, and inhabited by about 300 thousand people, One of the most important landmarks of the city; Elephantine Island, an island opposite Aswan, and in the island there is the Temple of Khnum, next to the Nile scale, the tomb of the Holy Ram, the gate of Amenhotep II, and the Trinity Sat and Enet.
The city gained a strategic position in the construction of the High Dam during the reign of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser. Because of the dam, Lake Nasser formed a giant reservoir of water. The city includes the Aga Khan Cemetery, built of limestone and marble, and the Nubian Museum, where there are more than 5,000 artifacts of ancient Nubian monuments, and the most prominent tourist places in it: the island of plants, and the island of Philae, and the Temple of Abu Simbel, and the tombs of the nobles, Nubian rulers, and Fatimid tombs , And the temple of Kom Ombo.
5- Hurghada City
Hurghada is one of the important Egyptian cities located on the Red Sea coast of the southwestern section and is considered the administrative capital of the Red Sea Governorate, an area of about forty kilometers, and shares borders with Ras Ghareb, Safaga and the Red Sea mountains. El-Dahar, Al-Hayah and Al-Sakkala neighborhoods, with a population of about ninety thousand people, speak the dialect that blends the Bedouin with the Egyptians.